Using solar power to supply energy to your home or business is an excellent way to reduce your energy costs and to do your bit to cut down your own carbon footprint. It may seem a daunting thought to carry out your own diy solar energy conversion, but there is plenty of help and advice available, and you could save yourself a whole load of cash by doing it yourself.

 

One of the first questions that you are going to ask yourself is ” What do I need to carry out this conversion?” For your information, here are a few basics that you will need to know before you commence your project.

 

To convert your home or business and be self sufficient as far as energy is concerned, there are 7 main components that you are going to need to know about.

 

1. SOLAR PANELS: To make it a true diy project these will be built by yourselves. These are made up from Photovoltaic Cells (PV’s), which are assembled into 50W, 75W or 100W panels. Solar Photovoltaics are an array of individual cells that contain a material that converts radiation into DC electricity. Due to the mounting demand for renewable energy components you will find that P.V’s are now readily available.

2. ARRAY DC DISCONNECT: Now this seems really important but all it does is to allow you to switch off the DC power from your solar cells in case you have to carry out any maintenance on your system. In most cases should you need to do this the power supply would revert back to your main energy supplier.

3. CHARGE CONTROLLER: A back up battery system is built in to most systems. This item is responsible for ensuring that a consistent amount of power is sent to the batteries, and stops them discharging when the sun goes down.

4. DEEP CYCLE BATTERIES: You’ve probably guessed that these are used to store the power from your solar cells. A deep cycle battery is designed to deliver a consistent voltage, even as the battery discharges. The quantity of batteries that you will require is really dependent on the amount of power that you need to power your home.

5. SYSTEM METER: You can treat this item as an optional extra, although you may find it useful. What this does is measure the amount of power that is being fed into your home, which will enable you to monitor the energy levels being generated so that you can ensure that you have built enough homemade solar cells for your needs.

6. CONVERTOR: The energy being supplied by your system will be DC power, while your home will be using AC power. By using a convertor you are able to convert the DC power into AC power.

7. BACK UP SYSTEM: To ensure that you have access to a continual energy supply it is best to have a back up system should you encounter any problems with your solar power. In the majority of cases this would be supplied by your existing energy supplier, but if you reside in an ‘off-grid’ location it would be advisable to have a petrol or diesel generator to hand.

 

Now you have an idea of what is involved if you are considering running your home on renewable energy using homemade solar cells, I would suggest that you consider downloading a guide covering the installation o0f solar power. By doing this you will have all of the information that you will need to carry out a complete diy solar power conversion.

If you are planning to build your own solar power system and would like to get hold of some more information, why not take a look at my website, how to make solar panels , where you will find full details on building your own diy solar system . Also included on this site are details relating to diy wind power, should you wish to consider this method of power generation as an alternative.

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